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Anesthesia Type General Anesthesia
Duration of Operation 1 - 2 Hours
Hospitalization Duration 2 - 3 Days
Return to Work Time 4 - 6 Weeks
Uterine Cancer Surgery After the diagnosis of uterine cancer, the stage of the cancer is checked. While surgery is performed in the first three stages, surgery is generally not preferred in the last stage. Uterine cancer surgery is a combination of several surgeries. During this surgery, bilateral salpingooferectomy and total hysterectomy are performed simultaneously.
In bilateral salpingooferectomy surgery, the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed, and sometimes the lymph nodes in the lower abdomen are also removed. Removing lymph nodes is still a controversial issue. If cancer has been detected in the lymph nodes, removing the lymph nodes extends the life span, but there is an increase in the side effects seen as a result of the surgery. Therefore, experts do not recommend removing the lymph nodes except in very necessary situations.
Cancer cells cannot be seen in examinations such as CT or PET in the early stages. When advanced cancers are detected, there is a possibility that they have spread to the surrounding tissues, but the cells may not be seen because they are so small yet. This condition is called micrometastasis. While planning the surgery, the possibility of micrometastasis should also be considered. These cells, whose existence cannot be detected before the surgery, cause cancer to recur in the postoperative period. Estimates can be made according to the cancer stage of the person. If there is a possibility that cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, the lymph nodes should also be removed during the surgery. These pieces are stored in special solution containers and sent to the pathology laboratory for detailed examination. Then, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are started for prevention.