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Congenital Anomaly

Congenital Anomaly

> Contents


  • Cleft Palate and Lip Deformity
  • Ear Anomalies
  • Birthmarks
  • Hand - Foot - Finger Abnormalities

Cleft Palate and Lip Deformity

Usually due to genetic factors, sometimes called environmental; 1/1000 of every baby born is born with cleft palate-lip deformity due to rubella in pregnancy or drugs containing high doses of cortisone. It can be unilateral or double sided. The biggest problem in the early period is nutrition.
The first operation is usually 2-6. It is done between months. Since nasal deformity is always encountered in Cleft Lip deformity, nasal surgery is required at later ages. Likewise, the cleft palate may require orthodontic treatment to prevent future speech difficulties.

Ear Abnormalities

Congenital ear anomalies are birth defects that affect the shape and position of the ear. These conditions can include soft cartilage around the ear and other structures that affect both the function and appearance of the ear. These anomalies can also cause significant social disruption.
Generally, congenital ear anomalies are diagnosed by physical examination. Hearing and tongue scans may be required based on a physical exam. Various hearing tests are available to evaluate the hearing of babies and children to determine hearing aid needs.


Birthmarks are a common discoloration on your skin at birth or during the first few weeks of life. They are generally noncancerous.
They can be anywhere on your face or body. Birthmarks vary in color, size, appearance, and shape. Some are permanent and can grow over time. Others disappear completely. Most birthmarks are harmless, but some indicate an underlying medical condition. In some cases, birthmarks may be removed for cosmetic reasons.

Hand - Foot - Finger Abnormalities

Split hand / split foot malformation (SHFM) is a genetic disorder characterized by the complete or partial absence of some fingers or toes, usually with clefts in the hands or feet. There may also be a weaving appearance (with syndactyly) between the fingers or toes. This can give the hands and / or feet a claw-like appearance.
There are many combinations of shape and deformities that occur with split hand / split foot malformation. It varies widely in terms of violence, even in members of the same family. Malformation can occur alone or as a component of a syndrome with other characteristics.

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