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Oesophageal manometry is an outpatient (outpatient) test. It shows oesophagal motility (related to the functioning of the oesophagus) and pressure changes. Oesophageal manometry is most commonly used to diagnose oesophagal motility disorder.
For oesophagal manometry, a pressure probe with a diameter of 4-5 mm is inserted through the nose (into the oesophagus). Local anaesthetic spray - powdered from the nostril where the probe will be placed. While the pressure probe is pushed through the nose, the patient helps by swallowing. In this article, the patient is in a sitting position and his head is bowed. The examination takes approximately 30-40 minutes. While the patient is lying on his back, water is given to the patient with a syringe attached to a pipette and asked to swallow. Pressures measured by pressure sensors on the pressure probe are transferred to a monitor. This is pressure waves and software on the monitor below.
Oesophageal Manometry Indications
Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)
Odynophagia (painful swallowing)
Non-cardiac chest pain (especially seen in oesophagal motility disorders)
Before antireflux surgery (eg Nissen Fundoplication)
Oesophagal Provocation Tests (With Manometry)
By adding some provocative manoeuvres to oesophagal manometry, the diagnostic feature of manometry can be strengthened. These provocative manoeuvres are the reason for standard oesophagal manometry.
Frequent swallowing (5 swallows of 2 ml)
Liquid, solid, semi-solid swallowing
Test meal (after meal (after meal) manometry)
Quick drinking test (one and 200 ml)