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Gallstones and safe cholecystectomy surgery
Averagely 10% of people in the adult age group have gallstones. Gallstones, cholesterol stones, and pigment stones are divided into two groups. Because of the symptoms it shows, it can be confused with some important diseases.
What are the symptoms of Gallstones?
Gallstones may not cause any complaints in a person. Gallstones that the patients feel are seen in the form of recurrent episodes of abdominal pain. Pain is in a style that is concentrated in the upper right part of the abdomen or on the navel (epigastria), often spreading to the right scapula (scapula). Complaints that usually start after fatty meals gradually increase and last for a few hours without stopping (biliary colic). Bloating, nausea can accompany the pain. In addition, serious symptoms such as vomiting, chills, and fever may be observed in later stages. In cases where the stone blocks the bile ducts, jaundice, pancreatitis, gallbladder inflammation can create clinical conditions that require immediate intervention.
What is closed gallbladder surgery (laparoscopic cholecystectomy)? Are only stones taken?
Laparoscopic operations are generally performed with thin, long hand tools. Enough space is created by first inflating the inside of the abdomen with carbon dioxide (CO2) gas. Laparoscopic instruments and cameras are placed inside through 0.5 - 1 cm holes according to the diameter of the instruments used. Surgery is usually performed through 4 holes. The abdomen is illuminated with the help of a camera. By looking at the monitor, the entire gallbladder is removed from the abdomen with these long tools. Not only are the stones removed, but the gallbladder is also already sick, only when we take the stones, they will re-form after a while. In the postoperative period, the patient starts liquid foods after 6-8 hours, mobilization is performed. Patient, standard post-op 24-36. discharged per hour.
What is a safe Cholecystectomy?
In laparoscopic cholecystectomy, a method called “Safe cholecystectomy (Critical view of safety)” has been defined to minimize biliary tract injuries. In this method, the vital gallbladder canal and artery (vein) are revealed separately. Before, the vein and canal are cut, ensuring 100% anatomical accuracy. In this way, the risk of developing complications is reduced to the lowest level. After that, the gallbladder is separated from the liver bed and removed from the abdomen, ending the operation.