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The endoscopy procedure is the examination of the internal organs that make up the digestive system by mouth without the need for surgical intervention. The main organs examined in the endoscopy procedure are oesophagus, stomach and duodenum (large) intestine.
There is a camera at the end of the endoscopy device. It is about one meter long and has a flexible structure. Thanks to the camera located at the end of the endoscopy device, it is possible to diagnose diseases as well as biopsy and some treatments with the apparatus attached to the end of the endoscope.
> When should endoscopy be performed?
> How to prepare before the endoscopy procedure?
> How is the endoscopy procedure performed?
> Are there risks to the endoscopy procedure?
> What should be considered after an endoscopy?
> What are the types of endoscopy?
> Endoscopy prices?
> Questions about endoscopy
When should endoscopy be done?
Endoscopy is applied in the diagnosis and treatment of wounds, polyps or tumours in the oesophagus, stomach or large intestine. Apart from that, it is also a procedure for biopsy.
Endoscopy diagnosis may be needed because of many complaints.
Chronic abdominal pain
Chronic diarrhoea or constipation
Abnormal weight loss
Digestive system disorders
Apart from these conditions, tissue samples can be taken for biopsy in the endoscopy procedure when the gastroenterology doctor deems necessary.
It is also used for treatment with specialized apparatuses attached to the end of the endoscopy device.
Opening the narrowing of the oesophagus
in polyp removal
removal of the gallbladder
removing fluid buildup
How to prepare before the endoscopy procedure?
There are certain preparations that the patient should make before the endoscopy procedure. These are explained to you by your doctor before the procedure.
The patient who will undergo endoscopy should not eat or drink from the previous night. If the patient's stomach or large intestine is to be examined by endoscopy, the procedure must be fasted. Otherwise, there may be difficulties in making the desired clarity and definitive diagnosis in the procedure.
How is the endoscopy procedure performed?
Before starting the procedure, the back parts of the mouth and throat are numbed with a local anaesthetic spray. The spray is applied by spraying this area. Then the patient is placed on his left side.
The patient is put to sleep under close follow-up with intravenous sedoanalgesia drugs. The patient is anaesthetized with sedoanalgesia and the partial oxygen pressure is monitored with a finger pulse oximeter. At the same time, the patient's heart rhythm is also monitored on the monitor. A diagnostic endoscopy procedure takes between 2 and 4 minutes.
Actions Taken During the Transaction
During endoscopy procedures, biopsy pieces are taken for pathological examination with a small device called biopsy forceps, which is passed through the endoscopy canal from the body part, which we generally call the corpus, and from the regions called Antrum near the exit of the stomach. The presence of helicobacter pylori bacteria on the surface of the stomach, the severity of gastritis, and the presence of intestinal metaplasia are generally evaluated by examining the pieces taken.
The first part of the duodenum, the area called the duodenum, is called the bulbus. Bulbus is the most common area of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. In patients with active bleeding, their bleeding can be stopped during endoscopy with a method called sclerotherapy. Sclerotherapy procedure is performed by injecting caustic sclerosing solution around and in the middle of the bleeding area through the sclerotherapy needle passed through the canal cavity of the device.
Many more therapeutic procedures can be easily performed during the gastroscopy procedure. The removal of polyps in the stomach, the breaking down of petrified foods called bezoars formed in the stomach over time, the removal of accidentally swallowed foreign substances (such as pins, batteries) are examples.
Are there risks to the endoscopy procedure?
Endoscopy procedure is a very risk-free procedure. Endoscopy is essentially the examination of the patient's digestive system with a specialized device for this task. Because the endoscope device has a very flexible and sensitive structure, it does not harm the patient. Therefore, the risk of complications that may occur during the procedure is very low.
However, in some patients, endoscopy side effects can be seen as a sore throat that may last for a few days or weakness due to anaesthesia. Like any medical procedure, endoscopy has risks, albeit low.
Situations such as difficulty breathing.
If these findings occur, you should consult your doctor.
What should be considered after an endoscopy?
The recovery time of the patient may vary depending on the drugs given for sedoanalgesia. Recovery time can take up to 30 to 60 minutes with some sedation medications. For some, the recovery will be much faster. However, in any case, these patients are strongly advised not to drive during the day, not to do signed jobs or to organize jobs that require responsibility.
There may be mild disturbing symptoms after the procedure, but they will disappear in a short time.
What are the types of endoscopy?
The visual examination of the cavities in the body with different devices is called endoscopy. Although it is understood that endoscopy is called only to look at the stomach, it is actually a general name.
Gastroscopy is the visual examination of the first and second part of the duodenum, which is also called the 12 finger intestine, first inside the mouth, then the oesophagus (oesophagus), then the stomach, and finally the 12 finger intestine with a videoendoscopic device.
It is called an endoscopic examination of the large intestine.
It is called an endoscopic examination of the bronchi of the lung.
It is called an endoscopic examination of joint spaces
It is called an endoscopic examination of the stomach
It is called an endoscopic examination of the stomach
Endoscopic devices can be produced in a rigid, rigid structure, as well as in a flexible folding manner for the purpose. Devices used in gastroenterology are flexible video endoscopes that can be folded. Video endoscopes generally contain a tunnel-shaped cavity at the end of the flexible tubing for interventional procedures such as video camera, light source, air channel, water channel, biopsy taking. Fluids in the stomach and intestines, which distort the image during the procedure, can also be removed from this space by aspirating.
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The different prices for endoscopy in private hospitals and examinations can range from 600 - 4000 TL.
Prof. Dr Contact Yusuf Akcan to learn about transaction fees.
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